The misconception that males are always castrated and females are always spayed to make them infertile persists. But that’s not correct: neutering and spaying are two different surgical procedures that have nothing to do with the sex of the dog. Spaying a dog, male or female, is one alternative to castration.
While the veterinarian completely removes the testicles or ovaries during castration, they cut them through during sterilization the vas deferens in males or the fallopian tubes in bitches. As a result of the intervention, the animals infertile, because the sperm or egg cells can no longer be transported in the body and fertilization is therefore not possible. The operation takes place under general anesthesia, usually takes no longer than an hour and is as follows:
- During the first appointment, the veterinarian explains the procedure to the owner during the operation and carries out a preliminary examination of the dog.
- The dog should not eat anything on the day of the operation. During a walk, he should first be given the opportunity to detach himself.
- The vet prepares the operating table, inserts a vein access device into the dog and puts it under anesthesia. Because the dog can no longer breathe on its own, it is intubated, which means it is given oxygen through a tube.
- The surgical field, i.e. the lower abdomen of the dog, is freed from fur by shaving and disinfected.
- The vet uses a scalpel to gain access to the vas deferens or the fallopian tubes, ties them off and cuts them through.
- The wounds are stitched up, some with internal stitches, which will dissolve by themselves after a few days.
- The dog has to stay at the vet’s office for a few more hours, but is usually allowed to go home the same day. In the first few days he gets painkillers. So that he does not bite open the seams, these are covered or the dog is given a neck brace.
- Stitches that do not resolve by themselves must be removed after about ten days. Rest is the order of the day until everything has healed well, but the dog will soon be able to move, play and romp around normally again.
to complications it rarely happens; the most common include swelling and bruising around the area of the incision.
Spay the dog